[보존] 외신(연습) 미국 망중립성 법안 반대하는 공화당

자료 090922 외신(황선배 지시) 넷중립성 공화당

Republicans Move to Block Network Neutrality
공화당은 넷 중립성을 막으려 한다

Senate Republicans react quickly to FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski’s proposal to expand the Federal Communications Commission’s network neutrality authority. Working on an unrelated appropriations bill, Republican senators push an amendment to deny the FCC funds for developing or implementing new Internet regulations.
넷 중립성을 확립하려는 FCC의장의 안을 공화당 상원의원들은 곧바로 반발
이 문제와 무관한 FCC 기금을 거부하는 개정안을 추진하려 함

Just hours after Federal Communications Commission Chairman Julius Genachowski proposed expanding the network neutrality authority of the agency Sept. 21, Senate Republicans moved to block the initiative. Using an appropriations bill as a vehicle, Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison introduced an amendment that would deny the FCC any funds for developing or implementing new Internet regulations.
예산안(?)을 빌미로 케이 베일리 허치슨 상원의원은 어떤 FCC 기금이든 거부하는 개정안 도입
FCC기금은 새 인터넷 규제를 발전 또는 이행하는데 쓰임

5명의 공화당 상원의원이 개정안 공동발의(?)
공동발의 5인 중 한 명인 John Ensign 상원의원
“경쟁 시장에서 어떤 산업이든 번영하기 위해서는 혁신을 저해하는 정부 간섭이 배제돼야 한다”
“우리는 기업 영역을 미세조정하거나 고객이 원하는 것을 제공하는 회사의 재능을 제한하는 정부 규제를 피해야 한다” “인터넷은 정부 간섭이 거의 미치지 않은 덕에 번창했는데 이제와서 그걸 바꿀 필요는 없다고 본다”

[1] http://www.eweek.com/c/a/Government-IT/Republicans-Move-to-Block-Network-Neutrality-438469/?kc=rss

[2] http://www.wired.com/epicenter/2009/09/republican-net-neutratlity-amendment/
[3] http://voices.washingtonpost.com/posttech/2009/09/senate_republicans_to_push_aga.html
(와이어드, 워싱턴포스트 기사에서)
5인 중 한명인 Kay Bailey Hutchison 상원의원 “(FCC의장 안이) 새 규제안이 되면 우리는 가볍게 밟아뭉개야 한다” 발언

“I am deeply concerned by the direction the FCC appears to be heading. Even during a severe downturn, America has experienced robust investment and innovation in network performance and online content and applications,” Hutchison said in a statement. “For that innovation to continue, we must tread lightly when it comes to new regulations. Where there have been a handful of questionable actions in the past on the part of a few companies, the commission and the marketplace have responded swiftly.”
(같은 인물)
“FCC가 지향하는 방향이 심히 우려된다. 미국은 극심한 경기침체에도 네트워크 성능, 온라인 콘텐츠와 어플리케이션에 투자와 혁신을 경험했는데”
“혁신을 이어가려면 새로운 규제가 도입되는 것을 막아야한다”
“과거 소수 기업, 위원회, 시장 일부에서 자행된 수상한 행동들이 있었던 곳이 금세 퍼졌다”

(워싱턴포스트기사에서)
FCC 구성원인 두 공화당 위원이 FCC의장의 발표에 대한 대응으로 공동성명을 내놓음
소비자와 기업이 웹 정책에 어떻게 영향받을지에 대해 강조한 결론을 담고 있음

FCC의장 지난 21일 연설 발언중
“네트워크에서 합법적인 트래픽을 차단하거나 속도를 늦출 수는 없다”
“다른 인터넷가입자의 집에서 어떤 콘텐츠나 어플리케이션에 유리한 대상을 가려서도 안 된다”
“인터넷서비스에 불리하게 하는 것이 아니라 다른 브로드밴드제공자와 비슷한 서비스로 경쟁하게 하는 것이다(?)” “인터넷은 사용자에게 콘텐츠와 어플리케이션이 성공하도록 결정하는 것을 계속 허용해야 한다”

(요약하면)네트워크 상황에 구애되지 않고 사용자가 콘텐츠와 어플리케이션에 동등하게 접근할 수 있어야 콘텐츠와 어플리케이션끼리 정당하게 경쟁할 수 있다

Co-sponsoring the amendment were Republican Sens. John Ensign, Sam Brownback, David Vitter, Jim DeMint and John Thune.

“In this struggling economy, any industry that is able to thrive should be allowed to do so without meddlesome government interference that could stifle innovation,” Ensign said in a statement. “We must avoid burdensome government regulations that micromanage private businesses or that limit the ability of companies to provide what their customers want. The Internet has flourished in large part because of a lack of government interference; I see no need to change that now.”

Genachowski proposed Sept. 21 new network neutrality rules that would require carriers to deliver broadband in a nondiscriminatory manner and to disclose their network management policies. Genachowski also said the FCC would explore the question of whether to extend network neutrality rules to mobile carriers.

Genachowski said his proposals would be included in an NPRM (notice of proposed rulemaking) to be presented to the FCC at its October open meeting. Although the process is expected to take months, fellow FCC Democrats Michael Copps and Mignon L. Clyburn said they would support the NPRM, giving Genachowski a majority vote.

The FCC currently enforces network neutrality on a case-by-case basis according to four principles the agency approved in 2005. The principles prohibit broadband carriers from blocking lawful Internet content, applications and services, and allow users to attach legal devices to networks.

Genachowski’s proposal would add nondiscrimination as another network neutrality principle, prohibiting broadband providers from discriminating against particular Internet content or applications. In addition, broadband providers would be required to disclose their network management policies.

“This means they cannot block or degrade lawful traffic over their networks, or pick winners by favoring some content or applications over others in the connection to subscribers’ homes,” Genachowski said in an address before the Brookings Institute Sept. 21. “Nor can they disfavor an Internet service just because it competes with a similar service offered by that broadband provider. The Internet must continue to allow users to decide what content and applications succeed.”

090922 외신 연습. 190209 옮김.